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Coping Strategies and Considering the Possibility of Death in Those Bereaved by Sudden and Violent Deaths

Grief Severity, Depression, and Posttraumatic Growth

About the Course

Bereavement by sudden and violent deaths can lead to increased grief severity, depression, and reduced posttraumatic growth compared to those bereaved by natural causes. These outcomes can be affected by coping strategies and whether a survivor had been “prepared” for the death. The present study examined the effect of coping and considering the possibility of death on grief severity, depression, and posttraumatic growth in those bereaved by sudden deaths.

This course is based on the reading-based online article, Coping Strategies and Considering the Possibility of Death in Those Bereaved by Sudden and Violent Deaths created by Joscelyn E. Fisher, Ph.D. , Jing Zhou, M.S. , and Rafael F. Zuleta, B.S. in 2020.

Publication Date:

Front. Psychiatry 11:749. Aug 2020

Course Material Authors

Course Material Authors authored the material only, and were not involved in creating this CE course. They are identified here for your own evaluation of the relevancy of the material this course is based on.

Joscelyn E. Fisher, Ph.D.

Joscelyn E. Fisher, Ph.D. is a Research Associate Professor in the Department of Psychiatry at the Uniformed Services University (USU) and a Project Director/Research Psychologist for the Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine at the Center for Study of Traumatic Stress (CSTS). Her research has focused on investigating symptom or diagnostic overlap/comorbidity and how symptoms/diagnoses alone or in combination differentially affect, or are affected by, emotion and/or cognitive processes. At CSTS, she has been investigating indicators of risk and resilience and their associations with depression, anxiety, grief and other health outcomes in bereaved family members as part of several studies, including the National Military Family Bereavement Study (NMFBS), Stepping Forward in Grief (SFG), Bereavement Due to Terrorism, and the Bereavement Coping Study.

Jing Zhou, M.S.

Jing Zhou, M.S. has been a Biostatistician at the Child and Family Program of the Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress (CSTS) since 2013. She performs statistical data analysis for the National Military Family Bereavement Study (NMFBS), child neglect, combat injury and other research projects. Before joining CSTS, she had worked as a Senior Biostatistician at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine and the United States Military Cancer Institute on health related projects. She is interested in applying and developing novel statistical methodologies to address challenging objectives for scientific studies.

Rafael F. Zuleta, B.S.

Rafael F. Zuleta, B.S. is a Project Associate at the Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress (CSTS) working with the Child and Family Program. He graduated from the University of Maryland, College Park, in May 2018 with a Bachelor of Science degree in Psychology.

Course Creator

Elizabeth Mosco, Ph.D., PMH-C, CPLC
Elizabeth Mosco, Ph.D. is a licensed psychologist in Reno, NV. She opened a private practice after 10 years of conducting home-based assessment and therapy with the VA Sierra Nevada Health Care System. Dr. Mosco’s clinical interests include maternal mental health, older adults, and third wave cognitive behavioral therapies.

Recommended For:

Counselors, marriage and family therapists, psychologists and social workers. This course is appropriate for all levels of knowledge.

Course Objectives:

After taking this course, you should be able to:

  1. Compare three types of bereavement coping strategies.
  2. Summarize the role of preparedness in grief.
  3. Discuss the effects of cause of death and preparedness on grief severity, depression, and posttraumatic growth.

Disclosure to Learners

Disclosure of Relevant Financial Relationships

CE Learning Systems adheres to the ACCME's Standards for Integrity and Independence in Accredited Continuing Medical Education. Any individuals in a position to control the content of a CE activity – including faculty, planners, reviewers, or others ― are required to disclose all relevant financial relationships with ineligible entities (formerly known as commercial interests).

The following relevant financial relationships have been disclosed by this activity's planners, faculty, and the reviewer:

Planners and Reviewers

The planners of this activity have reported that they have no relevant financial relationships.

Commercial support

There is no commercial support for this distance-learning course.

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Course Number 103313
1 CE credit hour
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  • Reading-Based Online
Exam Fee $5.97
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