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Substance and Behavioral Addictions Among American Indian and Alaska Native Populations

About the Course

This paper examines substance and behavioral addictions among American Indian and Alaska Natives (AIAN) in order to identify the structural and psychosocial risk as well as cultural protective factors that are associated with substance use and behavioral addictions. The authors conclude that there is a dearth of research on behavioral addictions among AIANs. Unique risk factors in AIAN communities such as historical trauma and socioeconomic challenges have interfered with traditional cultural resilience factors and have increased the risk of behavioral addictions. Future research on resilience factors and effective prevention and treatment interventions could help AIANs avoid behavioral addictions.

This course is based on the reading-based online article, Substance and Behavioral Addictions Among American Indian and Alaska Native Populations created by Claradina Soto, PhD et al. in 2022.

Publication Date:

Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(5), 2974; Mar 2022

Course Material Authors

Course Material Authors authored the material only, and were not involved in creating this CE course. They are identified here for your own evaluation of the relevancy of the material this course is based on.

Claradina Soto, PhD

Dr. Claradina Soto (Navajo/Jemez Pueblo) is an Assistant Professor at the University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine in the Institute for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Research. She has over 20 years working with American Indian and Alaska Native populations in public health, collaborating with urban and Tribal communities in CA. She has published multiple works in peer reviewed journals.

Amy E. West, PhD

Dr. West is Professor of Clinical Pediatrics, Associate Training Director for Psychology in the Division of General Pediatrics, and Director of the CHLA Child Clinical and Pediatric Psychology Internship. Dr. West’s primary clinical and research interests focus on psychosocial treatment outcome and mechanisms of treatment response in pediatric mood and anxiety disorders, and specifically the application of such interventions to underserved, ethnic minority populations. She has had multiple works published in peer reviewed journals.

Course Creator

David M. Lutkemeier
David Lutkemeier holds a BA degree in psychology, a master’s degree in developmental psychology, and a doctorate degree from the University of Cincinnati in Special Education and Psychology. He is certified as a psychologist by the Arizona Board of Psychologist Examiners, as well as holding public school superintendent certification in Arizona and California. Dr. Lutkemeier has worked as an assistant professor at Arizona State University, a school psychologist, special education director, assistant superintendent, and superintendent in both Arizona and California. David, working as a consultant with a national curriculum management group (CMSi) has completed over two dozen comprehensive district-wide curriculum audits in 15 states over the past 20 years and has worked as a test developer for CE Learning Systems for the past ten years.

Recommended For:

Counselors, marriage and family therapists, psychologists and social workers with an emphasis on those professionals working with Native American clients. This course is appropriate for all levels of knowledge.

Course Objectives:

After taking this course, you should be able to:

  1. Examine substance and behavioral addictions among American Indian and Alaska Natives (AIAN)
  2. Identify structural and psychosocial risk and cultural protective factors associated with substance use and behavioral addiction.
  3. Discuss potential benefits of helping services that place an emphasis upon traditional cultural knowledge and values that help build resilience, along with effective prevention and treatment interventions.

Disclosure to Learners

Disclosure of Relevant Financial Relationships

CE Learning Systems adheres to the ACCME's Standards for Integrity and Independence in Accredited Continuing Medical Education. Any individuals in a position to control the content of a CE activity – including faculty, planners, reviewers, or others ― are required to disclose all relevant financial relationships with ineligible entities (formerly known as commercial interests).

The following relevant financial relationships have been disclosed by this activity's planners, faculty, and the reviewer:

Planners and Reviewers

The planners of this activity have reported that they have no relevant financial relationships.

Commercial support

There is no commercial support for this distance-learning course.

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Course Number 103309
1.25 CE credit hour
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  • Reading-Based Online
Exam Fee $7.46
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