Skip to main content

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Diagnosis and Treatment in Children and Adolescents

About the Course

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common disorder most often diagnosed in childhood and adolescence. This systematic review updates and extends two previous Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) reviews, compares the effectiveness of the methods used to establish the diagnosis of ADHD, examines pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments, and evaluates different monitoring strategies used for children and adolescents through 17 years of age. This analysis compared evidence from 103 articles describing 90 unique studies to provide a systematic review of the research literature on this topic. This course will cover the evidence presented in this review, discuss the clinical implications of the findings, and discuss recommendations for future research.

This course is based on the reading-based online article, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Diagnosis and Treatment in Children and Adolescents created by Alex R. Kemper, M.D., M.P.H, M.S. ,et al. in 2018.

Publication Date:

Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, Number 203 2018

Course Material Authors

Course Material Authors authored the material only, and were not involved in creating this CE course. They are identified here for your own evaluation of the relevancy of the material this course is based on.

Alex R. Kemper, M.D., M.P.H, M.S.

Alex R. Kemper, M.D., M.P.H, M.S. is the Division Chief of Ambulatory Pediatrics at Nationwide Children’s Hospital and Professor of Pediatrics at the Ohio State University College of Medicine. His research focuses on the delivery of preventive services in the primary care practice setting. He has published multiple peer-reviewed journal articles, book chapters, and commentaries.

Gary R. Maslow, M.D., M.P.H.

Gary R. Maslow, M.D., M.P.H. is affiliated with Duke University School of Medicine Department of Pediatrics. He is a Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist, and Associate Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and the Co-Division Director of Child and Family Mental Health and Community Psychiatry. His work has been published in multiple peer reviewed journals.

Sherika Hill, M.H.A., Ph.D.

Sherika Hill, M.H.A., Ph.D. is a clinical epidemiologist, a Duke University Adjunct Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, and the Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute Research and Policy Liaison. Her research seeks to understand how mental health conditions or high risk-taking behaviors in adolescence develop during childhood and impact outcomes later in adulthood. She has published multiple articles in peer reviewed journals.

Course Creator

Anna Lynn Hollis, Ph.D., School Psychologist

Anna Hollis, Ph.D., NCSP, is a nationally certified school psychologist currently living near Detroit, Michigan. She is licensed as a psychologist in 2 states (Michigan and South Carolina) and certified as a school psychologist in in 5 states (South Carolina, Michigan, Vermont, Pennsylvania, and Maryland). She is a member of the American Psychological Association (APA); the National Association of School Psychologists (NASP); the Michigan Association of School Psychologists (MASP); and the Association for Contextual Behavioral Science (ACBS). Dr. Hollis obtained her Ph.D. in School Psychology from the University of South Carolina. Her professional interests include Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT); Positive Psychology; Trauma-Informed Practice; and Urban School Psychology.

Recommended For:

Counselors, marriage and family therapists, psychologists and social workers. This course is appropriate for all levels of knowledge.

Course Objectives:

After taking this course, you should be able to:

  1. Recognize the background, history, diagnostic criteria, and prevalence of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
  2. Identify and discuss the treatment strategies for ADHD and compare the effectiveness of pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments.
  3. Describe the results of the current systematic review regarding ADHD diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring.
  4. Discuss the implications of this study for clinical and policy decision-making.
  5. Discuss the limitations of the current literature and recommendations for future research.

Disclosure to Learners

Disclosure of Relevant Financial Relationships

CE Learning Systems adheres to the ACCME's Standards for Integrity and Independence in Accredited Continuing Medical Education. Any individuals in a position to control the content of a CE activity – including faculty, planners, reviewers, or others ― are required to disclose all relevant financial relationships with ineligible entities (formerly known as commercial interests).

The following relevant financial relationships have been disclosed by this activity's planners, faculty, and the reviewer:

Planners and Reviewers

The planners of this activity have reported that they have no relevant financial relationships.

Commercial support

There is no commercial support for this distance-learning course.

Exam Questions

All exam questions for the course are visible on this page for members of

Membership is free, and you can register today! You'll only pay when you're ready to purchase a course, or if you take advantage of the Unlimited Package.

If you're already a member, please sign in to see the exam questions for this and all other courses.

Discuss this course

You can share your thoughts about this course after you pass the exam.

Sign In or Register to get started.


  • Is this course approved for my continuing education requirements?

    Yes, most likely. Look Up Your State Board for more detailed information. Logged-in site members will see the relevant approval information displayed in the Approvals tab for every course.

  • Do you have accommodations for my disability (ADA)?

    If you are having trouble using, please contact us! We would be happy to accommodate your needs right away, and your input will help us make more accessible for future users too.

  • How do I enroll in this course?

    Use the Enroll In This Course button and just follow the instructions! You don't pay anything until you're ready to take an exam.

  • What do I have to do to complete the course?

    To complete the course, review the course objectives, then review the material, and then pass the exam with a score of 75% or greater and lastly complete an evaluation.

  • How do I access the materials?

    Most of our courses are based on online articles available for free to the public. Some courses, such as those based on books, require that you purchase the material. Use the Materials tab above for more info. You don't need to enroll in the course to access materials, whether free or paid. So you always know what you're getting into before you commit to taking the exam.

  • How do I get my certificate?

    Your certificate(s) will be available to download or email immediately when you pass the course exam and complete the evaluation.

  • Can I contact you for more help?

    Yes! Use the Help widget at the bottom-right of the screen anywhere on to search our help docs, or to ask our support team for help. Unlike most of our competitors, has live US-based support reps to help you by email, chat, or phone.

Course Number 103271
5 CE credit hours
Sign in for credit hours relevant to your credentials.

  • Reading-Based Online
Exam Fee $29.85
There's no exam fee with an Unlimited CE membership! Read More

No Cost Materials

458 members have taken this course

Try a free CE course.

Get started by trying a free course of your choice. No payment info required!

Sign Up Free

View all free trial courses

Happy therapist using