Skip to main content

Examining Military Population and Trauma Type As Moderators of Treatment Outcome for First-Line Psychotherapies for PTSD: A Meta-Analysis

About the Course

Past research has shown some evidence that active military clinical populations have poorer treatment outcomes for PTSD than civilian populations. This is a meta-analytic study aimed at studying differences in treatment outcomes for different types of military service (active combat, sexual assault in the military, and a combination of both) as well as differences between military and civilian populations. Researchers of this study offer recommendations for improving treatment of PTSD for military populations.

This course is based on the reading-based online article, Examining Military Population and Trauma Type As Moderators of Treatment Outcome for First-Line Psychotherapies for PTDS: A Meta-Analysis created by Casey L. Straud, PsyD., et al. in 2022.

Publication Date:

J Anxiety Disord. 2019 October ; 67: 102133 2019

Course Material Authors

Course Material Authors authored the material only, and were not involved in creating this CE course. They are identified here for your own evaluation of the relevancy of the material this course is based on.

Casey L. Straud, PsyD.

Dr. Casey Straud is an Assistant Professor and Licensed Clinical Psychologist in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio in collaboration with STRONG STAR-CAP. His research interests are predominantly related to PTSD, resiliency, and military health. More than 30 of his works have been published in peer reviewed journals.

Jedidiah Slev, PhD.

Dr. Slev is an associate professor of psychology at Swarthmore College. Before moving to Swarthmore in August 2016, he was an assistant professor of psychology in the College of Psychology at Nova Southeastern University (NSU). At NSU, he directed the Anxiety Treatment Center and the NSU OCD and Related Disorders (NORD) Program. His research focuses on the development, maintenance, and treatment of anxiety disorders, especially OCD. He is particularly interested in cognition, including information-processing, meta-cognition (thinking about thinking), and decision-making in OCD and anxiety. He has had multiple works published in peer reviewed journals.

Stephen Messer, PhD

Dr. Messer is an Associate Professor of Psychology in the College of Psychology at Nova Southeastern University. He has worked in the military setting, serving as the Chief of Psychiatric Epidemiology at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR), Chief of Psychiatric Research at the Walter Reed Army Medical Center, and is currently the Deputy Director of Research at the Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury. He has had multiple works published in peer reviewed journals.

Course Creator

Paul Pawlicki, PsyD, LP

Paul Pawlicki, PsyD, received his degree in clinical psychology from the Chicago School of Professional Psychology in Chicago, IL, in 2005. From 2004-2006, he taught courses in general psychology, abnormal psychology, and human sexuality at Collin College in Plano, TX. He currently practices individual therapy at the Department of Sexual Medicine at Park Nicollet Health Health Services near Minneapolis, MN.

Recommended For:

Counselors, marriage and family therapists, psychologists and social workers. This course is appropriate for all levels of knowledge.

Course Objectives:

After taking this course, you should be able to:

  1. Describe at least three problems with past meta-analyses on PTSD for military populations
  2. Identify differences between PTSD treatment responses for different trauma types, including different types of trauma in the military
  3. Identify at least three strategies for improving evidence-based treatment for PTSD in military populations

Disclosure to Learners

Disclosure of Relevant Financial Relationships

CE Learning Systems adheres to the ACCME's Standards for Integrity and Independence in Accredited Continuing Medical Education. Any individuals in a position to control the content of a CE activity – including faculty, planners, reviewers, or others ― are required to disclose all relevant financial relationships with ineligible entities (formerly known as commercial interests).

The following relevant financial relationships have been disclosed by this activity's planners, faculty, and the reviewer:

Planners and Reviewers

The planners of this activity have reported that they have no relevant financial relationships.

Commercial support

There is no commercial support for this distance-learning course.

Exam Questions

All exam questions for the course are visible on this page for members of

Membership is free, and you can register today! You'll only pay when you're ready to purchase a course, or if you take advantage of the Unlimited Package.

If you're already a member, please sign in to see the exam questions for this and all other courses.

Discuss this course

You can share your thoughts about this course after you pass the exam.

Sign In or Register to get started.


  • Is this course approved for my continuing education requirements?

    Yes, most likely. Look Up Your State Board for more detailed information. Logged-in site members will see the relevant approval information displayed in the Approvals tab for every course.

  • Do you have accommodations for my disability (ADA)?

    If you are having trouble using, please contact us! We would be happy to accommodate your needs right away, and your input will help us make more accessible for future users too.

  • How do I enroll in this course?

    Use the Enroll In This Course button and just follow the instructions! You don't pay anything until you're ready to take an exam.

  • What do I have to do to complete the course?

    To complete the course, review the course objectives, then review the material, and then pass the exam with a score of 75% or greater and lastly complete an evaluation.

  • How do I access the materials?

    Most of our courses are based on online articles available for free to the public. Some courses, such as those based on books, require that you purchase the material. Use the Materials tab above for more info. You don't need to enroll in the course to access materials, whether free or paid. So you always know what you're getting into before you commit to taking the exam.

  • How do I get my certificate?

    Your certificate(s) will be available to download or email immediately when you pass the course exam and complete the evaluation.

  • Can I contact you for more help?

    Yes! Use the Help widget at the bottom-right of the screen anywhere on to search our help docs, or to ask our support team for help. Unlike most of our competitors, has live US-based support reps to help you by email, chat, or phone.

Course Number 103175
1 CE credit hour
Sign in for credit hours relevant to your credentials.

  • Reading-Based Online
Exam Fee $5.97
There's no exam fee with an Unlimited CE membership! Read More

No Cost Materials

64 members have taken this course

Try a free CE course.

Get started by trying a free course of your choice. No payment info required!

Sign Up Free

View all free trial courses

Happy therapist using