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Examining Military Population and Trauma Type As Moderators of Treatment Outcome for First-Line Psychotherapies for PTSD: A Meta-Analysis

About the Course:

Past research has shown some evidence that active military clinical populations have poorer treatment outcomes for PTSD than civilian populations. This is a meta-analytic study aimed at studying differences in treatment outcomes for different types of military service (active combat, sexual assault in the military, and a combination of both) as well as differences between military and civilian populations. Researchers of this study offer recommendations for improving treatment of PTSD for military populations.

This course is based on the reading-based online article, Examining Military Population and Trauma Type As Moderators of Treatment Outcome for First-Line Psychotherapies for PTDS: A Meta-Analysis created by Casey L. Straud, PsyD., et al. in 2022.

Publication Date:

J Anxiety Disord. 2019 October ; 67: 102133 2019

Course Material Authors

Course Material Authors authored the material only, and were not involved in creating this CE course. They are identified here for your own evaluation of the relevancy of the material this course is based on.

Casey L. Straud, PsyD.
Dr. Casey Straud is an Assistant Professor and Licensed Clinical Psychologist in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio in collaboration with STRONG STAR-CAP. His research interests are predominantly related to PTSD, resiliency, and military health. More than 30 of his works have been published in peer reviewed journals.
Jedidiah Slev, PhD.
Dr. Slev is an associate professor of psychology at Swarthmore College. Before moving to Swarthmore in August 2016, he was an assistant professor of psychology in the College of Psychology at Nova Southeastern University (NSU). At NSU, he directed the Anxiety Treatment Center and the NSU OCD and Related Disorders (NORD) Program. His research focuses on the development, maintenance, and treatment of anxiety disorders, especially OCD. He is particularly interested in cognition, including information-processing, meta-cognition (thinking about thinking), and decision-making in OCD and anxiety. He has had multiple works published in peer reviewed journals.
Stephen Messer, PhD
Dr. Messer is an Associate Professor of Psychology in the College of Psychology at Nova Southeastern University. He has worked in the military setting, serving as the Chief of Psychiatric Epidemiology at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR), Chief of Psychiatric Research at the Walter Reed Army Medical Center, and is currently the Deputy Director of Research at the Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury. He has had multiple works published in peer reviewed journals.

Course Creator

Paul Pawlicki, PsyD, LP
Paul Pawlicki, PsyD, received his degree in clinical psychology from the Chicago School of Professional Psychology in Chicago, IL, in 2005. From 2004-2006, he taught courses in general psychology, abnormal psychology, and human sexuality at Collin College in Plano, TX. He currently practices individual therapy at the Department of Sexual Medicine at Park Nicollet Health Health Services near Minneapolis, MN.

Recommended For:

Counselors, marriage and family therapists, psychologists and social workers. This course is appropriate for all levels of knowledge.

Course Objectives:

After taking this course, you should be able to:

  1. Describe at least three problems with past meta-analyses on PTSD for military populations
  2. Identify differences between PTSD treatment responses for different trauma types, including different types of trauma in the military
  3. Identify at least three strategies for improving evidence-based treatment for PTSD in military populations


Disclosure of Relevant Financial Relationships

Disclosure of Relevant Financial Relationships

CE Learning Systems, LLC is an independent provider of continuing medical education. CE Learning Systems, LLC has no proprietary or financial interest in medical or healthcare products over which the FDA (USA) or EMA (EU) has regulatory authority.

In accordance with our disclosure policies, CE Learning Systems, LLC is committed to ensuring balance, independence, objectivity, and scientific rigor for all accredited continuing education. These policies include assigning relevance to, and mitigating, all perceived or real conflicts of interest between any individual with control over the content and any ineligible company (commercial interest).

Any individual with control over accredited content, including planner, faculty, and reviewer, is required to globally disclose:

  1. Individual relationship(s) or lack thereof, and its nature, with any/all ineligible company, and
  2. any investigational, off-label, or non-FDA approved content or discussion

CE Learning Systems, LLC has reviewed these disclosures, assigned relevance based on the relationship and scope of content, and identified those with the potential to compromise the goals and educational integrity of the education. Relevant relationships, or lack thereof, are shared with the learner.

Education has been independently peer-reviewed to validate content, mitigate identified conflicts of interest, and ensure:

  1. All recommendations involving clinical medicine is based on evidence that is accepted within the medical profession as adequate justification for their indications and contraindications in the care of patients.
  2. All scientific research referred to, reported, or used in accredited continuing education in support or justification of a patient care recommendation conforms to the generally accepted standards of experimental design, data collection, and analysis.
  3. Content is appropriate, fair and balanced, unbiased, referenced, and non-promotional.

The planners have reported the following: There are no relevant disclosures.

Course Material Authors

The authors have disclosed any disclosures within the material.

Course Creator: Paul Pawlicki, PsyD, LP

No relevant financial relationships.

Commercial support

There is no commercial support for this distance-learning course.

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Course Number 103175
1 CE credit hour
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  • Reading-Based Online
Exam Fee $5.97
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