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Relative Expected Value of Drugs Versus Competing Rewards Underpins Vulnerability to and Recovery from Addiction

This course was updated 29 days ago. If you're about to take the exam, you may benefit from reviewing the exam questions listed below before starting on the actual exam.

About the Course:

This course address numerous theories and models in an attempt to create a unified theory of addiction based on concurrent drug choice tasks and relative value using economic Decision Theory. It examines: compulsion theory, habit theory, negative reinforcement theory, dual process theory, relative value theory, cue reactivity theory of dependence, human concurrent choice tasks, dependency severity, mindfulness, motivation approaches, contingency management, and the impact of negative mood on addiction.

References begin on page 19.

This course is based on the article, Relative expected value of drugs versus competing rewards underpins vulnerability to and recovery from addiction created by Lee Hogarth and Matt Field, D. Phil. in 2020.

Publication Date:

2020 Sep

Course Material Authors

Course Material Authors authored the material only, and were not involved in creating this CE course. They are identified here for your own evaluation of the relevancy of the material this course is based on.

Lee Hogarth, PhD
Dr. Hogarth is an experimental psychologist studying learning mechanisms underpinning individual vulnerability to addictive behaviour. His work has revealed that vulnerability to dependence in humans is not conferred by attentional bias, cue-reactivity or propensity to habit or compulsion, but by excessive valuation of the drug relative to alternative competing rewards driving up goal-directed drug choice, plus sensitivity to negative affect acting as a motivational state to further augment drug valuation and goal-directed drug choice. Hogarth advocates socioeconomic population level interventions for drug users to facilitate access to competing alternative sources of reward. He has published multiple articles in peer reviewed journals.
Matt Field, D. Phil.
Dr. Field is a Professor in the Department of Psychology, University of Sheffield. He conducts research into the psychological mechanisms that underlie alcohol problems and other addictions, and is particularly interested in the roles of decision-making and impulse control in addiction, recovery, and behaviour change more broadly. He has published multiple articles in peer reviewed journals.

Course Creator

L.A. Rankin
L.A. Rankin is a social worker with experience in many different settings with a variety of clients. She has worked with dementia and Alzheimers patients, dual diagnosis MH/MR, in a battered women’s shelter, and a rape crisis center. She also has 11 years of experience as a child protective social worker, where she earned certificates in domestic abuse/family violence and substance abuse.

Recommended For:

Counselors, marriage and family therapists, psychologists and social workers. This course is appropriate for all levels of knowledge.

Course Objectives:

After taking this course, you should be able to:

  1. Acknowledge the need for a working and unifying theory that explains the addiction process, addiction severity, and the fact that many people recover from addiction without treatment.
  2. Identify various theories and study outcomes.
  3. Summarize the role of negative affect in addiction, and the various approaches which can be used for treatment,

Disclosures

Disclosure of Relevant Financial Relationships

Disclosure of Relevant Financial Relationships

CE Learning Systems, LLC is an independent provider of continuing medical education. CE Learning Systems, LLC has no proprietary or financial interest in medical or healthcare products over which the FDA (USA) or EMA (EU) has regulatory authority.

In accordance with our disclosure policies, CE Learning Systems, LLC is committed to ensuring balance, independence, objectivity, and scientific rigor for all accredited continuing education. These policies include assigning relevance to, and mitigating, all perceived or real conflicts of interest between any individual with control over the content and any ineligible company (commercial interest).

Any individual with control over accredited content, including planner, faculty, and reviewer, is required to globally disclose:

  1. Individual relationship(s) or lack thereof, and its nature, with any/all ineligible company, and
  2. any investigational, off-label, or non-FDA approved content or discussion

CE Learning Systems, LLC has reviewed these disclosures, assigned relevance based on the relationship and scope of content, and identified those with the potential to compromise the goals and educational integrity of the education. Relevant relationships, or lack thereof, are shared with the learner.

Education has been independently peer-reviewed to validate content, mitigate identified conflicts of interest, and ensure:

  1. All recommendations involving clinical medicine is based on evidence that is accepted within the medical profession as adequate justification for their indications and contraindications in the care of patients.
  2. All scientific research referred to, reported, or used in accredited continuing education in support or justification of a patient care recommendation conforms to the generally accepted standards of experimental design, data collection, and analysis.
  3. Content is appropriate, fair and balanced, unbiased, referenced, and non-promotional.
Planners

The planners have reported the following: There are no relevant disclosures.

Course Material Authors

The authors have disclosed any disclosures within the material.

Course Creator: L.A. Rankin
There are no relevant disclosures.
Commercial support

There is no commercial support for this distance-learning course.

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Course Number 102999
1.5 CE credit hour
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  • Reading-Based Online
Exam Fee $8.96
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