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School Connectedness As Psychological Resilience Factor in Children Affected by HIV/AIDS

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About the Course

This course examines children in South Africa who became orphans as a result of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Orphanhood is associated with a significant detrimental impact on child mental health outcomes. These children have the stigma of being orphans in addition the HIV/AIDS stigma. AIDS orphanhood also appears to be associated with many externalizing problems. It is likely that there are multiple risk and resilience factors at play. However, school connectedness is a resilience factor that has received relatively little attention in Orphan and Vulnerable Children literature. The authors test the hypothesis that school connectedness can have a positive impact on HIV/AIDS orphans.

This course is based on the article, School connectedness as psychological resilience factor in children affected by HIV/AIDS created by Carla Sharp, PhD., et al. in 2018.

Publication Date:


Course Material Authors

Course Material Authors authored the material only, and were not involved in creating this CE course. They are identified here for your own evaluation of the relevancy of the material this course is based on.

Carla Sharp, PhD

Dr. Sharp trained as a clinical psychologist (University of Stellenbosch, South Africa) from 1994-1997, after which she completed a Ph.D. in Developmental Psychopathology at Cambridge University, UK. Her published work includes over 220 peer-reviewed publications and numerous chapters reflecting her interests in the social-cognitive basis of psychiatric problems and problems of behavioral health, and the application of this work in developing diagnostic tools and interventions in youth.

Francesca Penner

Francesca is a fourth-year doctoral student in the Developmental Psychopathology Lab. She received her undergraduate degree from the University of Chicago and her Master’s degree from Vanderbilt University, where she was also a research assistant for a preventive intervention trial for families with a history of parental depression.

Lochner Marais, PhD

Lochner Marais holds a Ph.D in Geography from the University of the Free State. He has authored, co-authored and compiled more than 150 research reports, including 100 refereed articles in peer-reviewed journals or books and co-edited three books (79 journal articles, 24 book chapters and 3 conference proceedings). He has supervised 53 post-graduate students at Master’s (48) and Ph.D (6) level across three faculties and eight departments or programmes. His’ research and teaching activities are focused on the areas of housing policy and migration, local economic development and more recently he is in the process of focusing on urban health issues (including mental health) and mining settlements

Course Creator

L.A. Rankin

L.A. Rankin is a social worker with experience in many different settings with a variety of clients. She has worked with dementia and Alzheimers patients, dual diagnosis MH/MR, in a battered women’s shelter, and a rape crisis center. She also has 11 years of experience as a child protective social worker, where she earned certificates in domestic abuse/family violence and substance abuse.

Recommended For:

Counselors, marriage and family therapists, psychologists and social workers. This course is appropriate for all levels of knowledge.

Course Objectives:

After taking this course, you should be able to:

  1. Acknowledge the devastating impact the AIDS epidemic has had on children in South Africa and sub-Saharan Africa.
  2. Identify the risk of developing psychiatric disorders in orphans.
  3. Recognize that school connectedness may be a protective factor against the development of psychiatric disorders.

Disclosure to Learners

Disclosure of Relevant Financial Relationships

CE Learning Systems adheres to the ACCME's Standards for Integrity and Independence in Accredited Continuing Medical Education. Any individuals in a position to control the content of a CE activity – including faculty, planners, reviewers, or others ― are required to disclose all relevant financial relationships with ineligible entities (formerly known as commercial interests).

The following relevant financial relationships have been disclosed by this activity's planners, faculty, and the reviewer:

Planners and Reviewers

The planners of this activity have reported that they have no relevant financial relationships.

Commercial support

There is no commercial support for this distance-learning course.

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Course Retired
Course Number 102582
1 CE credit hour
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  • Reading-Based Online
Exam Fee $5.97
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