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School Connectedness As Psychological Resilience Factor in Children Affected by HIV/AIDS

About the Course:

This course examines children in South Africa who became orphans as a result of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Orphanhood is associated with a significant detrimental impact on child mental health outcomes. These children have the stigma of being orphans in addition the HIV/AIDS stigma. AIDS orphanhood also appears to be associated with many externalizing problems. It is likely that there are multiple risk and resilience factors at play. However, school connectedness is a resilience factor that has received relatively little attention in Orphan and Vulnerable Children literature. The authors test the hypothesis that school connectedness can have a positive impact on HIV/AIDS orphans.

This course is based on the article, School connectedness as psychological resilience factor in children affected by HIV/AIDS created by Carla Sharp, PhD., et al. in 2018.

Publication Date:


Course Material Authors

Carla Sharp, PhD

Dr. Sharp trained as a clinical psychologist (University of Stellenbosch, South Africa) from 1994-1997, after which she completed a Ph.D. in Developmental Psychopathology at Cambridge University, UK. Her published work includes over 220 peer-reviewed publications and numerous chapters reflecting her interests in the social-cognitive basis of psychiatric problems and problems of behavioral health, and the application of this work in developing diagnostic tools and interventions in youth.

Francesca Penner

Francesca is a fourth-year doctoral student in the Developmental Psychopathology Lab. She received her undergraduate degree from the University of Chicago and her Master’s degree from Vanderbilt University, where she was also a research assistant for a preventive intervention trial for families with a history of parental depression.

Lochner Marais, PhD

Lochner Marais holds a Ph.D in Geography from the University of the Free State. He has authored, co-authored and compiled more than 150 research reports, including 100 refereed articles in peer-reviewed journals or books and co-edited three books (79 journal articles, 24 book chapters and 3 conference proceedings). He has supervised 53 post-graduate students at Master’s (48) and Ph.D (6) level across three faculties and eight departments or programmes. His’ research and teaching activities are focused on the areas of housing policy and migration, local economic development and more recently he is in the process of focusing on urban health issues (including mental health) and mining settlements

Course Creator

L.A. Rankin

L.A. Rankin is a social worker with experience in many different settings with a variety of clients. She has worked with dementia and Alzheimers patients, dual diagnosis MH/MR, in a battered women’s shelter, and a rape crisis center. She also has 11 years of experience as a child protective social worker, where she earned certificates in domestic abuse/family violence and substance abuse.

Recommended For:

Counselors, marriage and family therapists, psychologists and social workers. This course is appropriate for all levels of knowledge.

Course Objectives:

  1. Acknowledge the devastating impact the AIDS epidemic has had on children in South Africa and sub-Saharan Africa.

  2. Identify the risk of developing psychiatric disorders in orphans.

  3. Recognize that school connectedness may be a protective factor against the development of psychiatric disorders.

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American Academy of Health Care Providers in the Addictive Disorders (AAHCPAD)

1 CE Credit hour

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National Association of School Psychologists (NASP)

1 CPD hour

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National Board for Certified Counselors (NBCC)

1 CE Credit hour

CE Learning Systems, service provider of has been approved by NBCC as an Approved Continuing Education Provider, ACEP No. 5951. Programs that do not qualify for NBCC credit are clearly identified. CE Learning Systems is solely responsible for all aspects of the programs.

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Course Material

References begin on page 40.

Exam Questions

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Course Number 102582
1 credit hour
Log in for credit hours relevant to your licensure.

  • Reading-Based Online
Exam Fee: $5.97 No exam fee with a membership package!
4.21 out of 5
34 members have taken this course


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