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Mass Violence in America: Causes, Impacts, and Solutions

About the Course:

This report addresses the problem of mass violence in the United States and, specifically, the extent to which mental illness is or is not contributing to this social pathology. The report was done because mass shootings are increasing in frequency and severity, and they have captured the national attention.

This course is based on the reading-based online, Mass Violence in America: Causes, Impacts, and Solutions created by Joe Parks, MD, Donald Bechtold, M.D., Frank Shelp, M.D., M.P.H, Jeffery Lieberman, M.D., and Sara Coffey, D.O. in 2019.

Publication Date:

August, 2019: National Council for Behavioral Health

Course Material Authors

Joe Parks, MD

Dr. Parks is the Medical Director for the National Council for Behavioral Health with nearly two decades of experience with public health. He practices psychiatry on an outpatient basis at Family Health Center, a federally funded community health center established to expand services to uninsured and underinsured patients in central Missouri. Dr Parks is also a Distinguished Research Professor of Science at the University of Missouri – St. Louis and is a Clinical Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at the University of Missouri, Department of Psychiatry in Columbia.

Donald Bechtold, M.D.

Donald W. Bechtold, MD is a graduate of the University Of Colorado School Of Medicine where he also received his post-graduate specialty training in General (adult) Psychiatry and his subspecialty training in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.  Dr. Bechtold has served on the manuscript review panels of multiple journals and as an NIMH External Reviewer for Research Development and Special Projects.

Frank Shelp, M.D., M.P.H

Frank E. Shelp, MD, MPH trained in psychiatry at Duke University and public health at UNC Chapel Hill. He is a distinguished fellow of the American Psychiatric Association and a member of the American College of Psychiatrists. Dr. Shelp has returned to Georgia as clinical vice president for behavioral health for Georgia Peach State Health Plan.

Jeffery Lieberman, M.D.

Jeffrey A. Lieberman, M.D., is the Lawrence C. Kolb Professor and Chairman. He has authored or co-authored over 600 articles published in scientific literature and wrote or edited 11 books on mental illness, psychopharmacology and psychiatry. More recently, Dr. Lieberman’s work has extended into public policy and advocacy for enhancing awareness of mental illness and improving mental health care, as well as reducing the stigma associated with mental illness.

Sara Coffey, D.O.

Dr. Coffey is an Assistant Clinical Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences (OSUCHS). Dr. Coffey completed her adult psychiatry residency at the University of Chicago and her child and adolescent psychiatry fellowship at Harvard Medical School’s Cambridge Health Alliance. She lectured on both collaborative care models in pediatrics, as well as, preventative care in children. Dr. Coffey serves as a consultant for the Department of Human Services Child Welfare and is a Co-Lead on OSUCHS’s Pediatric Behavioral and Emotional Health ECHO.

Course Creator

David M. Lutkemeier

David Lutkemeier holds a BA degree in psychology, a master’s degree in developmental psychology, and a doctorate degree from the University of Cincinnati in Special Education and Psychology. He is certified as a psychologist by the Arizona Board of Psychologist Examiners, as well as holding public school superintendent certification in Arizona and California. Dr. Lutkemeier has worked as an assistant professor at Arizona State University, a school psychologist, special education director, assistant superintendent, and superintendent in both Arizona and California. David, working as a consultant with a national curriculum management group (CMSi) has completed over two dozen comprehensive district-wide curriculum audits in 15 states over the past 20 years and has worked as a test developer for CE Learning Systems for the past ten years.

Recommended For:

This course is appropriate for counselors, marriage and family therapists, psychologists and social workers. Professionals at the intermediate level of knowledge will gain the most from this article, but beginners will still learn important information.

Course Objectives:

  1. Identify and examine the key data in this report regarding mass violence in the United States.

  2. Recognize discrepancies between the reported incident data and popular attitudes and beliefs.

  3. Classify and apply report data

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American Academy of Health Care Providers in the Addictive Disorders (AAHCPAD)

5.25 CE Credit hours

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American Psychological Association (APA)

5.25 CE Credit hours

CE Learning Systems is approved by the American Psychological Association to sponsor continuing education for psychologists. CE Learning Systems maintains responsibility for this program and its content.

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Association of Social Work Boards (ASWB ACE)

5.25 CE Credit hours

CE Learning Systems, LLC, provider #1020, is approved to offer social work continuing education by the Association of Social Work Boards (ASWB) Approved Continuing Education (ACE) program. Organizations, not individual courses, are approved as ACE providers. State and provincial regulatory boards have the final authority to determine whether an individual course may be accepted for continuing education credit. CE Learning Systems, LLC maintains responsibility for this course. ACE provider approval period: 2/23/2019 – 2/23/2022. Social workers completing this course receive 5.25 clinical continuing education credit(s).

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Commission on Dietetic Registration (CDR)

5.25 CE Credit hours

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National Association of School Psychologists (NASP)

5.25 CPD hours

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National Board for Certified Counselors (NBCC)

5.25 CE Credit hours

CE Learning Systems, service provider of has been approved by NBCC as an Approved Continuing Education Provider, ACEP No. 5951. Programs that do not qualify for NBCC credit are clearly identified. CE Learning Systems is solely responsible for all aspects of the programs.

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Course Material

References begin on page 65.

Exam Questions

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Course Number 102578
5.25 credit hours
Log in for credit hours relevant to your licensure.

  • Reading-Based Online
Exam Fee: $31.34 No exam fee with a membership package!
4.6 out of 5
211 members have taken this course


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