Substance use disorder (SUD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) frequently co-occur, and the presence of ADHD complicates the treatment of the addiction. Pharmacotherapy is a potent intervention in childhood and adult ADHD, but findings have been mixed in adolescent and adult ADHD patients with SUDs. This review focuses on several contributing factors and possible explanations, with implications both for future research and for clinical practice. Please note that some of the content is more technical than may be anticipated based on this description.
This course is based on the reading-based online article, Pharmacological Treatment of ADHD in Addicted Patients: What Does the Literature Tell Us? created by Pieter-Jan Carpentier, MD, PhD and Frances R. Levin, MD, PhD in 2017.
Course Material Authors authored the material only, and were not involved in creating this CE course. They are identified here for your own evaluation of the relevancy of the material this course is based on.
Pieter-Jan Carpentier, MD, PhD
Dr. Carpentier is a psychiatrist at the Reinier van Arkel Psychiatric Institute, ‘s-Hertogenbosch, the Netherlands. His research focuses on substance abuse and ADHD and he has had more than 40 articles published in peer reviewed journals.
Frances R. Levin, MD, PhD
Dr. Levin is on the faculty at Columbia University in the Department of Psychiatry. Her research focuses on developing pharmacologic treatments for cocaine and marijuana dependence; and utility of pharmacotherapies for substance use disorders with psychiatric comorbidity. She has published multiple articles in peer reviewed journals.
Dr. Farinde is a professor at Columbia State University and has published multiple articles about psychopharmacotherapy. Dr. Farinde has worked as a clinical specialist for the Carl R. Darnall Army Medical Center in Fort Hood. As a devoted clinical pharmacy specialist and addictions counselor who excels in all clinical environments, she has worked with active duty soldiers with dual diagnoses of a traumatic brain injury and a psychiatric disorder providing medication therapy management and disease state management. Dr. Farinde has also worked with mentally impaired and developmentally disabled individuals at a state supported living center. The breadth of her clinical practice allows her to bring a unique perspective to her educational material. In 2021, Dr. Farinde was awarded the Davida Coady Gorham Medical Professional of the Year award. She is an adjunct mentor with California Southern University.
Counselors, marriage and family therapists, psychologists and social workers. This course is appropriate for all levels of knowledge.
After taking this course, you should be able to:
Identify the pharmacological treatments of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in patients with substance abuse disorders (SUDs).
Discuss the clinical implications that exist with the treatment of ADHD patients with SUDs.
Analyze some of the randomized, placebo-controlled trials that evaluate the pharmacotherapy for ADHD in adults and adult SUD patients.
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Disclosure of Relevant Financial Relationships
CE Learning Systems, LLC is an independent provider of continuing medical education. CE Learning Systems, LLC has no proprietary or financial interest in medical or healthcare products over which the FDA (USA) or EMA (EU) has regulatory authority.
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Education has been independently peer-reviewed to validate content, mitigate identified conflicts of interest, and ensure:
All recommendations involving clinical medicine is based on evidence that is accepted within the medical profession as adequate justification for their indications and contraindications in the care of patients.
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Course Material Authors
The authors have disclosed any disclosures within the material.
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